Classic Cheese Soufflé

Soufflé au Fromage Classique

Serves 2

Classic_French_Cheese_Soufflé_Food_Blog_Recipes_Healthy_Homestyle_Cooking_Le_Menu_Maison_Bruno_Gaget


The origins of the soufflé date back to the early eighteenth century with credit and acknowledgement to French master cook Vincent de la Chapelle. However, the development and popularization of the soufflé in the nineteenth century is attributed to French chef Marie-Antoine Carême. Served as an entrée or as a dessert, soufflés are typically prepared from two basic components: a Sauce Béchamel as the flavorful base, and the “puff” of the egg whites. Soufflés can be baked in individual ramekins or in a larger single soufflé dish. Ingredients commonly used to flavor are fresh herbs, cheese and vegetables. For dessert soufflés you can introduce the sweetness of jams, fruits, berries, chocolate, bananas and lemons. Soufflés can also be accompanied by a sauce, such as Suprême, Béarnaise or a Tomato Coulis.

Contrary to the myth that a bump or loud noise will cause the soufflé to fall, the inevitable collapse is indeed expected, once the soufflé begins to cool.


•• Sauce Béchamel ••

INGREDIENTS

1/2 cup butter

1/2 tsp salt

pepper and nutmeg to taste (optional)

1/2  cup of organic unbleached or Spelt flour

1 cup of whole milk or half and half

Béchamel_Sauce_French_Healthy_Recipes_Homestyle_Cooking_Blog_Le_Menu_Maison_Bruno_Gaget

PREPARATION

•• Using a sauce pan over a low heat, slowly melt the butter until you see the formation of small bubbles. •• Add salt, pepper and nutmeg (optional) to taste. •• Gradually introduce the flour by mixing slowly with a whisk to create a paste.  •• This is called a “roux”, that should not be overcooked or allowed to become brown. •• Remove the roux from the heat and add 1 cup of whole milk or half and half, blending until smooth and without the formation of any lumps. •• Place the sauce pan back over a low heat, mixing the roux slowly and until it becomes firm. •• If you observe that the roux is quickly becoming too firm, remove the pan from the heat, but continue to mix. •• If the roux is becoming too thick, add sparing amounts of milk for desired lightness. •• Your Sauce Béchamel is now ready and should present as a creamy smooth sauce, without any lumps and with the consistency of fluffy mashed potatoes. •• Turn off the heat and set aside your saucepan on the cooktop. ••


 •• The Puff of the Egg Whites ••

INGREDIENTS

4 eggs

1 pat of butter

1 cup of grated Swiss cheese

juice of freshly squeezed lemon


PREPARATION

•• Preheat the oven to 430 degrees. •• Thoroughly butter each individual soufflé dish, including the bottoms and the sides. •• Then lightly flour each dish. •• Separate the eggs, whites from the yolks and place into separate bowls. ••

•• Over the cooktop and without any heat under your saucepan, add 4 egg yolks into the Sauce Béchamel, using a small teaspoon, one at a time. •• Then mix throughly. •• Note that the saucepan should be cooled. If it is still too warm, you will have scrambled eggs! •• Bring the mixture up to a very smooth texture and observe a bright mustardy yellow color. •• Again, without any heat, mix in 1 cup of grated Swiss cheese, all at once and stir until completely smoothed. •• Set your saucepan aside. ••

•• Using a large whisk which allows for the passage of lots of air, vigorously whip the egg whites until you observe a thickened and frothy consistency (remember to keep your elbows locked to avoid tendonitis!). •• As you keep whipping, you will soon begin to see the egg whites change from frothy to fluffy and then harden. •• Feel free to add a few drops of fresh lemon to accelerate the hardening process further. •• In with hardening, the egg whites have transformed into a whipped creme that is sturdy enough for your whisk to stand straight up in the creme, without assistance. •• Using no heat and the measurement of 1/3, add the first 1/3 of the whipped creme to the bright yellow Sauce Béchamel and mix it throughly. •• Repeat with the second and third introduction as to avoid creating a watery consistency. Be aware not to over-mix as this too can result in watering down the mixture. •• Fill two individual soufflé dishes a little more than halfway, allowing space for the soufflés to rise. •• Place the dishes in the pre-heated oven and bake for 30-35 minutes. •• This is now a great time to prepare a quick and simple fennel and orange salad to accompany your soufflés. ••

•• After approximately 15 minutes into the bake time, you should begin to notice an aroma that fills your kitchen, akin to the heavenly scent of a brioche baking in your oven. •• Although you may be tempted, take care not to open the oven door to observe the rising, as you will lose the heat needed to maintain a consistent temperature for the puff.  Also, do not reduce the temperature in the oven, as this will also cause the soufflé to prematurely fall. •• To check for readiness, use an oven light or flashlight to peer through the glass door of the oven. •• If you observe the height and puff of lighter coloration with a darkened top, your soufflé is ready. •• Insert a sharp knife to further ensure the soufflé has been throughly cooked to the center. If the knife comes back out clean, your soufflé is ready to be served, right away. •• Within 5-10 minutes from the removal the oven, you will see the inevitable collapse of these sumptuous soufflés.••

Cheese_Soufflé_Oven_Recipe_French_Healthy_Recipes_Homestyle_Cooking_Food_Blog_Le_Menu_Maison_Bruno_Gaget


 The cake-like appearance with chocolate frosting atop, indicates the readiness of your soufflé. Prêt à mange!


 

French Onion Soup

Soupe à l’oignon

Serves 2

French_Onion_Soup_Homestyle_Recipes_Le_Menu_Maison_Food_Blog_Bruno_Gaget


No matter what the season, anytime is a good time for French Onion Soup! 


INGREDIENTS

1 large sweet onion

1 garlic clove

2 tbsp finely cut leek

1 tbsp butter

1tbsp olive oil

1 tbsp of unbleached flour or spelt flour

1 quart of vegetable stock or chicken stock substitute 

1/2 cup Marsala wine

8 slices of French baguette

1 cup grated Gruyère cheese

salt and pepper to taste

2 oven-safe soup bowls

Baguette_Onions_French_Soup_Recipe_Healthy_Homestyle_Food_Blog_Le_Menu_Maison_Bruno_Gaget

PREPARATION

•• Begin by peeling the sweet onion and garlic clove. •• Cut the onion into dice shapes of approximately 1/8”. •• Crunch the garlic clove with the flat side of your chef knife. •• Thoroughly wash the leek and remove the green leaves. •• Cut the leek stem vertically in half and then finely slice into half circle shapes of approximately 1/8”. •• In a heated sauté pan, combine 1 tbsp of olive oil with 1 tbsp butter over a low/medium heat. •• When the butter begins to bubble, add the onion, garlic and leeks. •• Cover and allow the mixture to sweat and caramelize. •• So as not to burn, stay on it and stir occasionally. •• When you observe a golden brown hue, taste test. •• The mixture of the ingredients should embody a sweet flavor which forms the basis for your onion soup. •• Sprinkle 1 tbsp of the flour of your choice into the onion mixture, folding gently until all of the flour has been well absorbed. •• Using a large ladle, gradually add 1 quart of vegetable stock, gently mixing in, using a wooden spoon. •• Once the texture of the soup appears smooth, gradually add more stock, repeating the same process until all of the liquid has been added.

•• Preheat your oven to 350°.•• 

•• Add 1/2 cup of Marsala wine to the soup and salt and pepper to taste. •• Cover and cook over a low/medium heat for approximately 20 minutes. •• During this time, cut the baguette into thick slices. •• In order to prevent the baguette from becoming soggy, lightly grill the slices, taking care not to burn. •• If desired, rub a garlic clove over the surfaces of the slices before grilling. •• Once the onion soup is ready, pour into individual, oven-safe soup bowls. •• Layer each bowl of onion soup with four slices of grilled baguette, covering the tops entirely. •• Generously sprinkle grated Gruyère cheese over the baguette, as desired. •• Place the soup bowls on a baking sheet and into your preheated oven of 350°. •• Cook the soups for approximately 15 minutes or until you observe the soup bubbling up from the surface of the golden and evenly melted Gruyère cheese. •• For a deeper grilled cheese effect, remove from the oven and place on a grill for a few minutes. •• Your onion soup will be bubbling hot, so take extra care when removing the baking sheet from the oven.•• 

•• Fantastique •• 


 

A Salad of Various Ingredients

Salad Variée

Serves 2

Salad_Variée_Varied_Green_Bean_Haricot_Verts_Potatoes_Eggs_Le_Menu_Maison_French_Food_Blog_Home_Cooking_Recipes_Bruno-Gaget

INGREDIENTS

1 large red potato

A generous handful of fresh string beans (haricots verts)

1/2 large sweet onion

1 garlic clove

1/2 medium size zucchini

4 hard boiled eggs

1/4 fresh lime or lemon

1 tbsp butter

1 tsp salt

salt and pepper to taste

dash of nutmeg (optional)


Translated into English, Salade Variée means “varied salad”.  So be a little daring and get creative with various combinations of healthy ingredients that blend well together in both taste and presentation!


PREPARATION

•• Begin by peeling the skin from the potato and slice into bite size cubes. •• Place the potato cubes in a large bowl and rinse until the bowl water runs clear, removing all excess of starch. •• Using a sauté pan, evenly situate the potato cubes, cover generously with water and bring to a boil over a high heat. •• Once at the full boiling point, immediately reduce to a medium/low heat and add one tsp of salt. •• Cover with a lid and cook for about 5 – 7 minutes or until you have observed that the potatoes are cooked but firm. •• Drain into a colander and set aside. •• While the potatoes are cooking, prepare your green beans by snapping off and discarding the ends. •• Wash and steam the green beans in pan for 3 minutes then drain and set aside. •• Clean and dice your zucchini into bite sized pieces then set aside. •• Prepare the hard boiled eggs. •• Once cooked, set aside in a bowl filled with cold water. •• Peel half of the sweet onion and a garlic clove, then slice and dice into small pieces. •• Using the flat of your knife, crunch the garlic with a pinch of salt. •• In a sauté pan, combine the onion and garlic with 1 tbsp of olive oil. •• Over a medium/low heat, allow the ingredients to sweat for approximately 4 minutes. •• Add the potatoes, zucchini along with a dash of nutmeg and sauté over a medium heat until golden brown, not burned. •• Add the green beans along with a tbsp of butter, gently mixing all the ingredients until the butter is fully melted. •• Remove the sauté pan from the heat and arrange the salad on a serving platter. •• Remove the shells from the cooled, hard boiled eggs. •• Slice the eggs into halves or quarters, as preferred and decorate the top of your Salade Variée. •• Drizzle a few drops of olive oil, freshly squeezed lime or lemon juice, salt and pepper to taste and serve this dish, slightly warm.•• 

•• Voilà!••